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O Soto Guruma

O Soto Guruma – Major Outer Wheel

O Soto Guruma – Major Outer Wheel

O Soto Guruma, is one of the original 40 throws of Judo as developed by Jigoro Kano. It belongs to the fifth group, Gokyo, of the traditional throwing list, Gokyo, of Kodokan Judo. It is also part of the current 67 Throws of Kodokan Judo. It is classified as a foot technique, Ashi-waza.

O Soto Guruma – Major Outer Wheel Demo

O Soto Guruma KUZUSHI

From migi shizentai, use tsurikomi so Uke’s balance is disturbed to his migi ushiro sumi or to his ma ushiro. This technique can also be executed if Uke’s balance is broken to his right side (migi yoko).


As Uke transfers his weight to his right foot, begin to drive Uke’s right elbow down towards his hip so that his weight is planted firmly on his right foot. Use your right hand to drive Uke’s left lapel towards his right rear corner. At this point, Uke’s weight should now be placed on the back outer corner of his right heel. While you are making a strong drive to off-balance Uke, step wide of Uke’s right foot with your left so that there is ample room to swing our right foot through. The direction of movement should be towards Uke’s right rear corner or right side.

Now that your right leg has swung past Uke’s right leg, reap, or sweep, backwards and outwards as strongly as possible. Your right leg should extend across the back of Uke’s rear mid-thigh and Uke’s left rear knee. The contact should be against the back to side of Uke’s right and left legs. As you reap Uke’s legs, you should also be making contact with Uke’s chest and right shoulder with your own right shoulder. Any distance between your right shoulder and Uke’s right will provide Uke an opportunity to counter this technique with O Soto Gaeshi.

Synchronize the action of your reaping leg with a strong downward pull with your left hand holding his right sleeve, together with a reinforcing push to his right back corner with your right hand holding his left lapel. With close contact and a well timed attack, Uke will have few options.


Uke will fall backwards and towards his right corner, with his legs lifting up into the air, by the force of your movement. If your timing between your hands and your reaping leg are coordinated well, both of Uke’s legs will rise as his shoulders fall. Make sure to reap both of Uke’s legs or you will only succeed in performing O Soto Gari and not O Soto Guruma.

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